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the Degree Confluence Project
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Poland : Pomorskie

19.3 km (12.0 miles) NNW of Dębki, Pomorskie, Poland
Approx. altitude: 0 m (0 ft)
([?] maps: Google MapQuest Multimap world confnav)
Antipode: 55°S 162°W

Accuracy: 40 m (131 ft)
Click on any of the images for the full-sized picture.

#2: GPS #3: Sunrise as precalculated over the Polish coast #4: View to the SSE

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  55°N 18°E  

#1: View to the South

(visited by Captain Peter and Ernesto Tubaña)

28-Dec-2003 -- Only five hours more to go to Königsberg/Kaliningrad. Eighteen days of a non-stop seapasssage from Southern Brazil to Russia are over soon. Days are short in winter on 55°N, and as I calculated yesterday, the sun was supposed to rise on 18°E at 09:13 Local Time (equals to 07:15 UTC, to which our GPS is set). And we were supposed to pass 55N / 18E exactly at sunrise.

The coast is 18,5 km South of the confluence and seems not too populated.

Further we attach a closer look towards SSE.

The Polish state was founded in 966 and became a powerful kingdom following union with Lithuania in 1386. In subsequent centuries the monarchy survived many upheavals before going into a period of long decline culminating in the partition of Poland in 1795 by Russia, Austria and Prussia. Following calls for an independent Poland during World War I an independent Polish Republic was proclaimed in 1918. A turbulent period of parliamentary democracy followed until 1926 when an authoritarian regime was imposed which lasted until 1939, when Germany invaded Poland. The War began close to the confluence area, at Danzig/Gdansk, when the German battleship "Schleswig Holstein", being on a courtesy visit in the city's port, started to take under fire the Polish garrisons on the Westerplatte, a peninsula East of the entrance to the port. At the end of World War II in 1945 the country was liberated by Russia and, under the Yalta Conference Agreement, a Polish Provisional Government was formed. Despite this agreement calling for free elections a communist dominated government regime was established in 1947. In 1970 workers discontent over living and working conditions led to riots in the Baltic coast region and Edward Gierek was imposed as leader. He improved economic conditions and modernized industry with large amounts of foreign borrowing but much of this was wasted and a period of economic decline followed, culminating in 1980 with nationwide strikes and the formation of "Solidarity/Solidarnosc", the National Confederation of Independent Trade Unions by workers of the "Lenin Shipyard" at Danzig/Gdansk under Lech Walesa, who worked as an electrician there. In 1981 martial law was imposed and "Solidarity" was banned. This situation lasted until 1988 when, after further unrest, the government resigned. A period of instability followed, with the communists unable to form a stable government, until unconditionally free elections were held in 1991.

Poland is well endowed with national resources. It has substantial reserves of coal, oil and natural gas. Sulphur, copper, lead and zinc are also produced. There are large forest areas, The country is a leading agricultural nation, but it became intensely industrial during the last years. A major industry is shipbuilding.

Meanwhile we received a message from our agent at Königsberg/Kaliningrad, advising us to drop anchor off Pillau/Baltiysk, the port at the entrance into the Frisches Haff/Vislinskiy Zaliv, as the port is congested until well after New Year.


Information about Poland obtained partly from Nautical Publication Nr. 19, Baltic Pilot, Vol II, "South part of Baltic Sea and Gulf of Riga", 12th ed. 2002, The United Kingdom Hydrographic Office, Taunton, Somerset, England)


A note from coordinator: the coast may look not too populated on winter sunrise, but during summer Polish coast offers a wide choice of great sand beaches.


 All pictures
#1: View to the South
#2: GPS
#3: Sunrise as precalculated over the Polish coast
#4: View to the SSE
ALL: All pictures on one page (broadband access recommended)
  Notes
In the Baltic Sea, but with a view of land.