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the Degree Confluence Project
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Spain : Andalucía

20.6 km (12.8 miles) S of Cabo Trafalgar (Cape), Andalucía, Spain
Approx. altitude: 0 m (0 ft)
([?] maps: Google MapQuest Multimap world confnav)
Antipode: 36°S 174°E

Accuracy: 38 m (124 ft)
Click on any of the images for the full-sized picture.

#2: Tarifa, the town named after the Arab word "al-ta`rīfa" #3: Tanger seen from the confluence #4: Cabo Trafalgar seen from the confluence - just behind the ship #5: Admiral Nelson's flagship "Victory" and a closer look to Cabo Trafalgar #6: View to NE from the confluence

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  36°N 6°W (visit #1)  

#1: Cabo Espartel seen from the confluence

(visited by Captain Peter and Leon Leprozo)

10-Apr-2004 -- On Feb. 7th we were entered into the Mediterranean Sea, and today, after two months and three days, we have left again the "Mare Nostrum" ("Our Sea"), as the ancient Romans used to call it. We had a pleasant time during this period, and what is most important: Northern European winter 2003-04 is a thing of the past, which we could almost entirely avoid :-)

At 2:30 pm we passed the Strait of Gibraltar westbound. The first Spanish town to see when clearing the narrowest point of the Strait is Tarifa on the Atlantic Ocean, and it is worth to know why this small town bears this name: Tarifa comes from the Arab "al-ta`rīfa", which means tariff, fee or toll. When the Moors held large parts of Spain in the Middle Ages, they controlled the Strait of Gibraltar as well, and they were collecting tolls from all passing ships exactly here at this strategic point where Tarifa is located. So Tarifa is present all the times in our daily language, for who of us does not have to deal daily with tolls, fees, taxes, dues and tariffs? Today they are no longer collecting tolls at Tarifa, the passage through the Strait of Gibraltar is free. But "Tarifa Traffic Centre" is located there, to whom all ships intending to pass the Strait have to report by VHF.

Proceeding exactly towards West we arrived at the confluence one and a two hours later. The largest town in the area is Tanger in Morocco. It is Africa's gateway to Europe, a busy ferry port and quite a dangerous place, if you are not careful.

SSE of the confluence we see the rocky Cabo Espartel (Cap Spartel), and looking towards North there is Cabo (Cape) Trafalgar.

Cape Trafalgar gives rise to reminiscences as well. British readers will remember it proudly and they know the reason for in London to be a "Trafalgar Square".

It played a significant role in these times when things were still in order and on their place, thus when Britannia ruled the Seas and when and wherever a British sailor put his finger into the water and licked on it, he could say: "Tastes salty - must be British!" (Today in our globalized World the rule has been slightly amended to: "Tastes oily - must be American").

Well, lets go back in history:

October 21st, 1805.
The British Admiral Horatio Nelson, on board of his flagship "Victory" during the Third Coalition War, - just here near this confluence -, defeats the French and Spanish fleet in the Battle of Trafalgar. The French and Spanish were commanded by Vice Admiral Pierre Charles de Villeneuve, who had received the order from Napoleon to break out from the port of Cádiz which was under British blockade then, in order to bring several contingents of troops to Southern Italy. The Battle of Trafalgar ended with a disastrous defeat of the French and Spanish Armada of which twenty ships have been seized or sunk, whilst the British did not loose a single one. Nelson, however, was killed during the battle, but his victory set a definitive end to Napoleon's invasion plans.

A final view to NE shows us the Spanish mountains.


 All pictures
#1: Cabo Espartel seen from the confluence
#2: Tarifa, the town named after the Arab word "al-ta`rīfa"
#3: Tanger seen from the confluence
#4: Cabo Trafalgar seen from the confluence - just behind the ship
#5: Admiral Nelson's flagship "Victory" and a closer look to Cabo Trafalgar
#6: View to NE from the confluence
ALL: All pictures on one page (broadband access recommended)
  Notes
In the ocean, but with a view of land.