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the Degree Confluence Project
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Spain : Andalucía

79.6 km (49.4 miles) SE of Punta de Calaburras (Cape), Andalucía, Spain
Approx. altitude: 0 m (0 ft)
([?] maps: Google MapQuest Multimap world confnav)
Antipode: 36°S 176°E

Accuracy: 36 m (118 ft)
Click on any of the images for the full-sized picture.

#2: GPS #3: view to NW #4: Morocco seen from the confluence #5: An "Evergreen" container liner from Taiwan

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  36°N 4°W  

#1: the Andalusian Sierras seen from the confluence

(visited by Captain Peter and Leon Leprozo)

10-Apr-2004 -- This confluence is still a Spanish one. The closest land is Punto Deportivo de Benalmádena - near Torremolinos, the closest larger town is Málaga, and opposite, on the African coast, there is Cape Punta de los Frailes with the town of Al-Hoceïma in Morocco, only a few hundred meters farther off than the Spanish coast.

Looking North, the Sierras of Andalusia are well visible today at a great distance.

From 36N 4W we have exactly 4 hours to go to the Strait of Gibraltar, which we will pass this time on our way to England.

Looking to NW we see Sierra de Tolox, attaining an elevation of about 1800 m.

Looking to South, the Moroccan coast, being only slightly farther away than the Spanish one, is visible as well.

In a recent visit I have written something about container shipping. Yesterday we met a huge container ship off the Algerian coast, coming from the Strait of Gibraltar and bound to her Medsea-hub Taranto (Italy), after which she will continue through the Suez Canal to the Far East. It is an "Evergreen"-liner from Taiwan. Evergreen is the second largest container operator in the World (after Mærsk-SeaLand from Copenhagen). It is a real monster. Container ships' carrying capacity is expressed in TEU (Twenty-feet Equivalent Unit), i.e. the quantity of 20'-containers they are able to carry. A 20'-container is the smaller unit, whilst the 40-feeter (FEU) is of course double as long as the TEU and nowadays more common, as more economic. A 40' container fits exactly on one railway truck, which then has a length over all of about 14 metres. This Evergreen-liner belongs to the largest class of container ships and has certainly a capacity of around 6000 TEU. So she can load 3000 FEUS, and that corresponds to a length of a cargo train of about 42 km (26 US statute miles)!

Mærsk-SeaLand, so far as I know, has recently completed the construction of her latest newbuildings, - some 8000 TEU carriers. And I am positive that they have got already the drawings for their next series, which will then be able to carry 10000 TEUS.

Reader living close to a port will frequently see container ships, as they are very common nowadays. As before told, Mærsk SeaLand is the largest operator Then comes Evergreen. Other big operators are: MSC (Mediterranean Shipping Company based in Geneva/Switzerland and Sorrento/Italy, P&O Nedlloyd (Peninsular & Oriental - Nedlloyd) from London and Rotterdam, CHOYANG and HANJIN from Korea, COSCO (Chinese Ocean Shipping Company from Shanghai), Hapag-Lloyd (Hamburg-Amerikanische Paketfahrt-Aktiengesellschaft) from Hamburg, CMA-CGM (Compagnie Maritime d'Affrètment - Compagnie Générale Maritime) from Marseille/France COLUMBUS Line - HAMBURG SÜD (Hamburg-Südamerikanische Dampfschiffahrtsgesellschaft), Hamburg - (also known as the "Dr. Oetker's Pudding Line")

and many others more.

Where are the old traditional US-American container operators? - the ones who introduced the container in the 60-ies and to whom we owe thanks to this highly efficient and time saving kind of transport? No longer anything. LYKES Lines from New Orleans went finally bankrupt in the late 90-ies, and SEA LAND became a victim of the voracity of Mærsk.


 All pictures
#1: the Andalusian Sierras seen from the confluence
#2: GPS
#3: view to NW
#4: Morocco seen from the confluence
#5: An "Evergreen" container liner from Taiwan
ALL: All pictures on one page (broadband access recommended)
  Notes
In the sea, but with a view of land.