the Degree Confluence Project


0.6 km (0.4 miles) NNW of Radžiuliai, Vilnius, Lithuania
([?] maps: Google MapQuest OpenStreetMap)

Accuracy: 8 m (26 ft)
Quality: good

Click on any of the images for the full-sized picture.

#2: Flags of the European Union #3: Information Board #4: GPS #5: Confluence Hunter #6: Discussion about the Discrepancy

  { Main | Search | Countries | Information | Member Page | Random }

  54°54'24"N 25°19'12"E (visit #3) (special) 

#1: Granit Column as Monument

(visited by Rainer Mautz)

09-Sep-2007 -- The Geographical Centre of Europe was visited while staying in Vilnius for the “Second Lithuanian Swiss Geodetic Science Week“. This seminar was carried out as part of the cooperation between the Institute of Geodesy and Photogrammetry at ETH Zurich and the Institute of Geodesy at Vilnius Gediminas Technical University (VGTU). Geodesists have a certain affinity for computation of coordinates – so certainly a visit to the Geographic Centre of the European Continent was on the agenda.

Access to the point is trivial – in contrast to confluence points which are normally not signposted. The trip to the center point is easy when traveling by car from Vilnius in NNE direction on the main road A14 towards Utena. About 25km after leaving Vilnius the site is signposted to the left and reached 1 minute after the turn-off.

Even though locating the point doesn’t require a GPS receiver, I followed my habit to bring one and measure the discrepancy between mine and the official readings. At the monument (the centre of the star, picture #3) the WGS 84 coordinate reading was 54°54'23.7"N 25°19'09.3"E. The difference to the official coordinates is probably explained by taking a nearby boulder (picture #1) as the proper centre. Anyway, the location is somewhat arbitrary because there is no exact mathematical definition for such a Centre – is it where the lines between extreme points intersect? Or if the centre of gravity is the goal should islands count? Any Geographer returning from a trip to the Ural Mountain Range will have new findings that may shift the Centre. However, the discussion about the correct coordinates is a century-long debate and will be ongoing forever, since the results of any coordinate computation strongly depends on the country where the computation is carried out. Well, the French seem to make an exception here – probably because they didn’t find an algorithm that shifted the Centre into Paris.

For a more serious explanation why the “real” Centre is in the vicinity of the Lithuanian village Purnuškes let me repeat what the sign says:

Several countries claim to be at the heart of Europe, but according to the research of the French National Geographic Institute, the one and only geographical central point of the continent is in Lithuania, a fact that even won recognition in the Guinness Book of World Records.

In 1989, a group of French scientists from the institute announced that the geographical centre of Europe was just to the north of the Lithuanian capital Vilnius – 26 kilometres to be exact – near the village of Purnuškes.

The map references of their version of the centre of Europe are 54 degrees 54 minutes latitude and 25 degrees, 19 minutes longitude. These references were defined only after a re-estimation of the boundaries of the European continent. The northern point was defined at Spitsbergen (80°45'N – 20°35'E), the southern point in the Canary Islands (27°38'N – 17°58'W), the eastern point at the crest of the Urals (67°59'N – 66°10'E) and the western point in the Azores (39°27'N – 31°16'W). The boundary of the continent runs along the Kara River, the highest crest of the Urals, along the Ural River and the Caspian Sea, along to the Apsheron Peninsula, over the highest crests of the Caucasus mountains, through the Black Sea and the channels of the Dardanelle and the Bosphorus, along the eastern shore of the Aegean – the border between Greece and Turkey – and through the Mediterranean Sea and the Gibraltar channel. According to these estimates of the boundaries of Europe, the Canary Isles, Madeira and the Azores, were attached to Europe together with Iceland. The scientists did not take into account the location of Malta in the middle of the Mediterranean; however, this would change the location of the geographical centre of Europe by only 100 metres. Taking into consideration the precision of these calculations, Europe’s geographical centre could in fact be located at any point in Lithuania, having the form of an irregular square approximately 1100 metres north-south and 800 metres east-west.

A reserve for the European Geographical Centre was arranged in 1992. It covered Girija Lake, Bernotai Hill and a burial ground for pagans called an alkakalnis, as well as surrounding woods and fields.

On 1 May 2004, the date Lithuania entered the European Union, a famous Lithuanian sculptor Gediminas Jokubonis unveiled at the site his composition of a column of white granite, the top of which is rimmed by a crown of stars.

I am sure the true Centre of Europe is in Zurich-Seebach.

CP visit details:

  • Time at the Centre: 14:00 pm
  • Deviation time: ca. 1 hour (from Vilnius)
  • Hiking distance: 400 m
  • Distance to a road: ca. 500 km
  • Topography: slightly hilly
  • Position accuracy at the Centre: 8 m
  • Weather: cloudy, 17° C (felt temperature)
  • Location of the Centre: In the Eastern Part of Lithuania, north of the city of Vilnius.

Free Live Sex Chat to test for free - show free porn movies

All the men and women who appear on this site are individuals who like to have sex with other people or show up on camera. Here you can make friends and find new sexual partners

Live cams has tens of thousands of free nude webcams of couples, teenagers, and older people. Are Americans, Europeans and Asians. Webcam Sex: bigo live sex Cam Porn Videos & Webcam XXX Strip. Enjoy live porn and chat with boys and women. Watch steaming shows in free live porn chat rooms.

Live sex stations that are online have the best to offer with the best collection to the viewers. This place has the best sex choice, for fans of the one of a kind and very best sexual encounter. There`s a great deal to offer. This is the web cam website with the best choice in the sex niche. Click here and receive your needs a reality. We`ve got hundreds of sex channels out there.

Sex chats would be the economical and secure alternative to the classic dating sites or even offline relationship. A lot of successful people just prefer to do a cam session that is nice to after the relationship rules that are boring. We`re safe and modern way have fun, to unwind and revel in the most gorgeous women.

This live xxx chat worth spending some time. If you inclined to have some fun and unwind and just aren`t currently looking for emotional draining relationships you`ve arrived at the ideal place. The chat will be able to help you find some sexual experience and meet the most sexy and the most gorgeous people all around the world. Improve your sex life and join the dialogue. Itstill free!

Why men join a ladyboy cam chat

The site features a lot, convenient and free service and a top rating due to an great selection of models. Slim your hunt and detect your favourite model by the age, location, or status. This can assist you to seek out the most effective model faster and simpler. Review the listing of models that are high concerning having the capability to talk with at once at no cost and get excited.

But the desire to open up, to alter your life, to locate someone who would not be interested in marital status, religion, or national origin, your status, and financial status, everybody wants. That is why today become chats that are free that are so popular. Just enough to get a computer connected to the system, and you also communicate in videochat with no respect to their status and position, and you will have the ability to acquire on a chat site where your data will be concealed.

Input more chat you may masturbate or engage in virtual sex night and all day! Any story, any whim of an lusty plan can be obtained only. It can be bigo live porn that are extremely fond of making wet tongues orgies in time to the webcam to get their own webcam visitors. Everything is here - in a room for masturbation and masturbation on the internet. And the lashes that women beat against one another to demonstrate how daring and sexy they are. There are leather suits, that fit only on the legs, the body`s rest is bare.

Regions sex dating free webcam couples? Overall Live-Sex.Fun! - free cam live sex

For people who love cam to cam it would be interesting to know that these females may do things alluring. A great deal of girls are using vibra toys sensitive to tipping. So that your money can literally create those tits shake in the legitimate orgasm. You can view them masturbating for free in the chat just because they would like to have sex.

Something is certain, although different men have preferences when it comes to how they want to be pleasured - all gay guys love anal sex! Some of our male models just like to own anal intercourse with one partner at the time; as they can, others love to own hardcore bigo live xnnx with as many guys! Some want to base; from penetrating men using their dicks others only get satisfaction.

 All pictures
#1: Granit Column as Monument
#2: Flags of the European Union
#3: Information Board
#4: GPS
#5: Confluence Hunter
#6: Discussion about the Discrepancy
ALL: All pictures on one page